Education Is A Human Right Which Brings Change In The Society
Education plays a crucial role in the development of a person and thus the country. Quality education is important for the progress of a country socially and economically. Education is a right of every child but still a lot of children are not getting it because of some or other reasons.
Some kids have never been to a school. Also, there are many who have dropped out of schools. The reasons to missing out an education are many such as hunger, nutrition, cost of education, distance to school, family work and much more.
In order to solve this issue it is important to identify the reasons why children are missing out an education even when there is free primary education facility in many countries.
Under The RTE Act, Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009 in India there is free education for children from 6 to 14 years of age or up to class VIII.
Here’s a list of 15 Obstacles To Child Education Around The World In An Infographic.
Why are children missing out on quality education?
Find the reasons of barriers to kids’ education around the world in the list.
1. Hunger & Nutrition:
Poor nutrition and hunger affects a child’s ability to learn.
- Under-nutrition children are at high risks of diseases.
- If a child is not getting a healthy diet regularly then it effects the overall growth and brain development and can decrease the learning ability in school.
- They start losing focus and concentration in school.
2. Child Labor & Trafficking:
Indulging in child labour increases the risk of school participation and many children even dropout of school.
- Child trafficking is also a major concern in many countries around the world because of which many children are unable to return to school.
- Such slavery of all kinds is an obstacle to education for children.
Poverty is a major barrier to education which stops children from going to school.
- Poor families want their kids help in household chores and work at farms, construction site etc to help support the family.
- Even after free primary education, for many families the cost of uniforms, books, stationery supplies, transportation etc are expensive to bear.
- Children from poor families are less likely to be in schools because of their life conditions, household work etc.
4. Unaware of Value of Education:
Parents in many communities don't regard school essential for their children because they are not aware of the benefits of education.
- Many parents do not encourage children because they themselves are not educated.
- They prefer sending children to earn money by selling goods for livelihood.
5. Lack of Local Schools & Safety Concerns:
Many areas don’t have local schools facility or the distance from home to school is long & insecure which increases safety concerns.
- In many places either there is lack of public (government) schools or they are far from the homes. Children have to travel long distances to get education.
- The long journey to and from schools are risky for children especially girls.
- Moreover, children with disabilities and those who are ill and facing malnutrition face difficulties to reach to schools.
- Children often dropout of schools because of risk of violence in their schools such as sexual violence, punishments, bullying etc
6. Untrained/Shortage of Teachers:
When it comes to teachers in schools there are many problems – having no teacher or an untrained teacher, shortage of teachers, no quality educational materials for teaching.
- Many teachers are not well-trained to meet the needs of inclusive education. In some schools, students are taught by graduates who don’t have teaching qualifications.
- Lack of skilled professionals and teachers in schools makes it difficult for students to get quality education and learn the basics properly.
- Many a time’s government teachers are not paid or there are high delay time in salaries because of which many qualified teachers quit their jobs.
School classrooms are important for structured learning.
- In many rural and marginalized areas there are less classrooms, overcrowded classrooms or no classrooms at all and thus children get education under shades of trees, worship places, temporary shelters, tents etc.
- Even if there are classrooms they are not decent at many places.
- There is also lack of sanitary facilities and clean drinking water. Many schools around the world have no toilets at all.
- The toilets for girls do not exist and if they exist they are very less in number because of which many girls do not prefer going to school.
- Lack of access to clean and safe toilets decrease the attendance of students in schools.
8. Insufficient Learning Materials:
Lack of learning materials, insufficient basic material and quality of the materials are barrier to proper education.
- Lack of basic materials include insufficient blackboards, chalk, duster, workbooks, exercise sheets, textbooks, learning aid materials, teachers educational support materials for effective learning etc.
- Textbooks are outdated or often worn out. Shortage of textbooks, results in sharing a single book which creates an obstacle to effective learning.
- Poor quality of learning material also results in less participation in schools.
9. Disabled Children:
Children around the world with disabilities are out of school.
- Children with disabilities are not provided admissions in general schools.
- Parents are unaware of the education facilities and options available for disabled children in special schools or inclusive schools. Some even believe that such children can’t get education or should help in household chores.
- Journey to school become a major problem for disable children.
- There is discrimination, bullying, hatred etc. with disabled children in many schools and as a result they left out school.
- Lack of trained teachers with inclusive education methods.
- Girls with disability face gender discrimination and excluded for their disability from schools.
- Lack of facilities (no ramps, inaccessible washrooms and transportation), learning materials and equipment’s (mobility devices, hearing and vision aids instruments) therapy etc. for disabled children in schools.
10. Gender Inequality Being a Girl Child:
Parents often give priority to their sons over the daughters for sending to school.
- Boys are gives precedence over girls to send to school.
- Misconception among parents that there is less value in sending girls to school than a boy.
- As a traditional practice girls are often kept at home to help in household chores, ailing relatives, fetch the water, care for siblings, replace lost income etc.
- Early child marriages traditional practices being a girl in the society causes girls to drop out of school.
- Girls are at high risk of harassment, violence and exploitation in schools.
- The long distance from home to school is a concern for parents of girls as there are risk of gender-based violence, harassment and other dangers on the way and so parents prefer keeping their daughters at home.
- Early marriage as a tradition and cultural practice followed, girls are forced to drop out of school.
11. Living In A Country In Conflict Or At Risk Of Conflict:
Living in a conflict zone area remains a barrier to schooling.
- Most of the children worldwide living in conflict areas are missing out on their education.
- Armed conflicts threatens children resulting in low enrollment & participation of students in schools. Rehabilitation also takes times.
- Destruction and damage to school infrastructure, takes time in reconstruction and starting schools again.
- Children from schools in such conflict prone areas are often abducted and viciously attacked.
- Many children get displaced because of wars and conflicts in the area.
- Girls are more likely to be out of school than boys in conflict prone countries.
12. Harvest & Market Days:
During harvest & market days children of the community have to skip schools.
- Children of migrant farm workers have to skip schools on harvest seasons for weeks.
- Children sell crops in the market during harvest days to help support their families missing schools.
- Repeated moves in search of agricultural work from one place to another by parents along with children is also a reason children often dropout from schools.
- Migrant children often have to face cultural barriers and language difficulties with frequent moves in schools.
13. Climate Change:
Bad climatic conditions affects students attendance and sometimes there is damage to schools buildings too.
- Severe weather conditions like floods, drought, storm, rainstorm is a reason parents pull their children out of school.
- In adverse weather conditions some families lost their homes, poor living conditions, have money problems and so they can’t afford school fees.
- Families in such poor living conditions want their children to skip schools and help in work.
- Sometimes severe weather conditions destroy or damage schools and homes which takes a long time in reconstructions or repairs.
14. Old Student:
Older student miss school because of family pressure or economic conditions.
- Students aged 12-15 are more likely to skip schools to help in family household work.
- Sometimes children drop out schools for economic well-being.
15. Language Challenges:
Children from various communities face problem in getting education other than their native language.
- Getting education in mother-tongue is essential for kids in their early schooling days.
- Children skip schools when they do not have access to education in the language they understand or speak.
- Unfamiliar languages in school becomes a reason for children to skip schools and even versen their performance in exams.
We hope you found this post on barriers to education worthful. Many children lack access to education around the world.
Every child has the right to get education regardless of gender, caste and origin of birth. Education is important to eradicate poverty and together we can all make our world a happy and peaceful place.
We at Surman Sansthan try to provide help to children in need. Your support to education program at Surman Sansthan child NGO can help lower these barriers to education to an extent.
We have various education programs for children from slum areas and orphans, street children's etc. You can know more about SURMAN SANSTHAN NGO education program via a call or email.